Luckily, writing the in-text citation for a website or webpage is easy: Simply include the author and year of publication. The URL goes in the corresponding reference list entry and yes, you can leave the links live.
The American Nurses Association issued a position statement insisting that pharmaceutical companies immediately cease using thimerosal as a vaccine preservative. American Nurses Association. Mercury in vaccines [Position statement]. Note that the title of the website or webpage should be italicized in the reference list if the work on the page stands alone but not italicized if it is part of a greater whole if this is ambiguous on the source, just choose what you think makes the most sense for the situation.
APA In-Text Citation | Including Guidelines for Mutliple Authors (et al.)
To clarify the document type, you can also specify the format in brackets after the title. It can be confusing to determine who the author of a website or webpage is. Often, the author is a group or agency rather than a particular individual. For example, the author of the position statement cited above is the American Nurses Association.
Citing websites and media sources using Harvard referencing
If the website or webpage truly does not have an author, substitute the title of the page for the author in the in-text citation and reference list entry see this post on missing reference pieces for examples of how to do this. A second source of confusion is that many websites or webpages do not include publication dates. If no date of publication is provided, use the letters n. The copyright date on the website itself should not be used as the publication date for particular content on that site.
Author s Unknown or Not Named.
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If the authorship of a paper or other document is not provided, cite the author using the word "Anonymous" in the place of the authors name s. Department, Popville, Maine.
Anonymous OR Anonymous Gumwad, G. Behavior patterns of mice. New York: Harper Gumwad OR Gumwad Huth, J. Robinson, P. Scientific format and style The CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
How Do I Cite Online Sources?
Huth et al. Kuret, J. Adenohypophyseal hormones and related New York: Pergamon. Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussion , whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
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Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red : "It has been found that male mice react to estrogen treatment by a reduction in phase three of courtship behavior Gumwad ; Bugjuice Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there.
Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. For two author papers , give both authors' last names e. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al.
When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author , cite it as Anon. Year, e. See Full Citation. If you want reference a paper found in another article , do so as follows: Driblick , in Oobleck A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. List of references Nicholls, D , "Does the meaning mean a thing? Cite the article as you would the same article in a print publication, listing: author s name and initials title of the article between single quotation marks title of journal in italics any publication information volume, number etc.
Include the following: author name and initial year thesis title between single quotation marks, no italics type of thesis eg. MA, PhD institution date accessed from database name. News and magazines online To cite a news article from an electronic database In text If the article has a named author: Pianin List of references Pianin, E , 'As coal's fortunes climb, mountains tremble in W.
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List of references If there is no named author, list the article title first. Media releases To cite a media release In text In the text, cite the author the person responsible for the release and date: Prime Minister Howard announced plans for further welfare reform See next: Broadcast materials and the rest. Academic Skills Referencing. Broadcast and other sources.
Citing images and tables. Reading and note-taking. Contacts and appointments. Back to top.